Amnesty International Calls for Release of Prisoners of Conscience

 

  

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

INTERNATIONAL SECRETARIAT

Peter Benenson House, 1 Easton Street London WC1X 0DW, United Kingdom

T: +44 (0)20 7413 5500        F: +44 (0)20 7956 1157

E: amnestyis@amnesty.org    W: www.amnesty.org 

 

 

His Excellency Trn Đi Quang

President of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam Presidential Palace

Ha Noi Viet Nam

 

09 September 2016 

 

Your Excellency,

 

Amnesty International has noted that the amnesty marking Viet Nams 71st National Day on 02 September 2016 resulted in the early release of more than 2,000 prisoners, as well as reductions in prison sentences of some 22,600 people. It is regrettable that none of the individuals identified by Amnesty International as prisoners of conscience appear to have been included.

 

A prisoner of conscience is a person imprisoned or otherwise physically restricted because of political, religious or other conscientiously-held beliefs, ethnic origin, sex, colour, language, national or social origin, economic status, birth, sexual orientation or other status who has not used or advocated violence or hatred.

 

Amnesty International has documented at least 82 prisoners of conscience in Viet Nam today. They include bloggers, labour and land rights activists, political activists, ethnic and religious minorities, and advocates for human rights and social justice. The names of these individuals are listed below.

 

As a state party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), Viet Nam has the duty to respect and protect the rights set out in this core human rights treaty. Instead the individuals named below have done nothing more than peacefully exercise their rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly. Many are held in harsh conditions, are in poor health and have been subjected to abusive treatment in detention. I urge your government to comply with international human rights law and release immediately and unconditionally all prisoners of conscience.

 

Finally, I urge the Viet Nam government to ensure that peaceful activists, human rights defenders, journalists and other individuals are able to carry out their legitimate activities without fear of reprisals, harassment, intimidation, arrest, prosecution and imprisonment, in compliance with Viet Nams obligations under the ICCPR and other international human rights law and standards, including the UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders.

 

I would welcome any comments or information with regard to this request. I am sending copies of this letter to Prime Minister Nguyn Xun Phc and Minister of Public Security To Lam. A copy will be made public on Amnesty Internationals website.

 

Yours sincerely,

 

Salil Shetty Secretary General

 

 

Amnesty International: List of 82 Prisoners of Conscience

 

This list is not exhaustive, but rather illustrates the extent of the detention of prisoners of conscience in Viet Nam.

 

n   A Hyum also known as B Kl, an ethnic Montagnard Christian from Kon Tum province, sentenced to eight years imprisonment in May 2013.

n   A Tch also known as Hl is an ethnic Montagnard Christian from Kon Tum province, sentenced to 11 years imprisonment in May 2013.

n   Amlinh also known as B Blưng is an ethnic Montagnard Christian from, sentenced to eight years imprisonment in September 2009 and believed to be held in Gia Lai prison camp.

n   Bi Th Minh Hng, a land rights and religious activist arrested in Đng Thp province, sentenced to three years imprisonment in August 2014.

n   Bi n Trung, a Hoa Hao Buddhist from An Giang province, sentenced to four years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Byưk is an ethnic Montagnard and religious rights activist, sentenced to eight years imprisonment in May 2013 by the Gia Lai Provincial Peoples Court.

n   Cn Th Thu is a well-known land rights activist from Ha Bnh province, arrested in June 2016.

n   Chi is an ethnic Montagnard Christian and religious activist, sentenced to eight years imprisonment in November 2013 and believed to be held in Gia Lai provincial prison.

n   Đng Xun Diu, an engineer, blogger and social activist from Vinh City in Ngh An province, sentenced to 13 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Đinh Nguyn Kha, a student and computer technician from Tn An in Long An province, sentenced to eight years imprisonment in May 2013, reduced to four years on appeal in August 2013.

n   Đ Th Hng, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 13 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Đon Đnh Nam, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 16 years imprisonment.

n   Đon Huy Chương, a labour organizer and founding member of the United Workers-Farmers Organization arrested in Tr Vinh province, sentenced to seven years imprisonment in October 2010.

n   Đon n Cư, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 14 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   H Đc Ha, a journalist, community organizer and company director from Vinh City, Ngh An province, sentenced to 13 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Jơnh also known as Chnh is an ethnic Montagnard Christian, sentenced to nine years imprisonment by Gia Lai Provincial Peoples Court in May 2013.

n   Kpă Sinh is an ethnic Montagnard Christian, sentenced to eight years imprisonment in 2011 April and is held in Gia Lai prison camp.

n   Kpuil L is an ethnic Montagnard Christian sentenced to nine years imprisonment in June 2012 and held in Gia Lai prison camp.

n   Kpuil Mel is an ethnic Montagnard Christian, sentenced to eight years imprisonment in June 2012 and held in Gia Lai prison camp.

n   L Đc Đng, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 12 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   L Duy Lc, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 17 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   L Thanh Tng is a former prison of conscience, journalist and member of the internet based pro- democracy Bloc 8406 movement who was arrested around 14 or 15 December 2015 and is believed to be held in Thi Bnh province.

n   L Thu H is the secretary of the Brotherhood of Democracy Association who was arrested on 16 December 20105 and is believed to be held B14 prison in H Ni.

n   L Trng Cư, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 12 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   L Xun Phc, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 15 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Lương Nht Quang, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 12 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Ng Ho, a former army officer and blogger on injustice, sentenced to 15 years imprisonment by Ph Yn Provincial Peoples Court in September 2013.

n   Ng Th Minh Ước is a land rights activist from Tin Giang province sentenced to four years imprisonment in March 2016.

n   Nguyn Cng Chnh, a Mennonite pastor from Pleiku in Gia Lai province, sentenced to 11 years imprisonment in March 2012.

n   Nguyn Đng Minh Mn, a social activist and freelance worker from Vinh City in Ngh An province, sentenced to eight years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Nguyn Dinh, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 14 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Nguyn Đnh Ngc also known as Nguyn Ngc Gi is a blogger who advocates freedom of expression who was sentenced to four years imprisonment in March 2016 and is held in an unknown location.

n   Nguyn Hong Quc Hng, a labour organizer and member of a petitioners movement Victims of Injustice arrested in Tr Vinh province, sentenced to nine years imprisonment in October 2010.

n   Nguyn Hu Vinh also known as Anh Ba Sm co-founder of the popular Ba Sm blog who was sentenced to five years imprisonment in March 2016 and is being held in an unknown location.

n   Nguyn Kim Nhn, a land protest leader in Bc Giang province, sentenced to five and a half years imprisonment in July 2012.

n   Nguyn K Lc, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 16 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Nguyn Ngc Cường, a land rights activist from Đng Nai province, sentenced to seven years imprisonment in October 2011.

n   Nguyn Thi Bnh, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 12 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Nguyn Th B Hai is a land rights activist from Ty Ninh province, sentenced to three years imprisonment in March 2016 and held in an unknown location.

n   Nguyn Th Minh Thy is the assistant of blogger Nguyn Hu Vinh, sentenced to three years imprisonment in March 2016 and held in an unknown location.

n   Nguyn Th Tr is a land rights activist from Bnh Dương province, sentenced to three years imprisonment in March 2016 by H Ch Minh City Peoples Court and held in an unknown location.

n   Nguyn Văn Đi is a human rights lawyer and former prison of conscience arrested in December 2015 and held in B14 prison in H Ni.

n   Nhi also known as Bă Tim is an ethnic Montagnard Christian, sentenced to 10 years imprisonment in September 2009 and last reported to be held in Gia Lai provincial prison.

n   Nơh is an ethnic Montagnard Christian, sentenced to 12 years imprisonment in September 2009 and reportedly detained in Gia Lai provincial prison.

n   Phm Th Phượng is a former member of the banned Viet Nam Populist Party ng V Dn Vit Nam), and an army officer under the former regime of South Viet Nam, sentenced to 11 years imprisonment in April 2010 and reportedly held at Z30A prison camp, Xun Lc, Đng Nai province.

n   Phm n Thng, a farmer and land rights activist sentenced to seven years imprisonment in May 2011 and reportedly held at Prison Z30A, Section No. 2, in Xun Lc District, Đng Nai province.

n   Phan Thanh Tường, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 10 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Phan Thanh , a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 14 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Phan n Thu, leader of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to life imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Phng Lm is a pro-democracy activist and member of the banned Democratic Party of Vietnam ng Dn ch Vit Nam), sentenced to seven years in January 2011 and reportedly held in Bnh Phước provincial prison.

n   Pinh is an ethnic Montagnard Christian sentenced to nine years imprisonment in September 2009 and reportedly held in Gia Lai provincial prison.

n   Rah Lan Blom is an ethnic Montagnard Christian from Gia Lai province, sentenced to nine years imprisonment in April 2011.

n   Rah Lan Mlih is an ethnic Montagnard Christian from Gia Lai province, sentenced to nine years imprisonment in April 2011.

n   Rmah Hlach also known as Ama Suit is an ethnic Montagnard Christian, arrested in July 2009 and sentenced to 12 years imprisonment, last reported held at Ba Sao prison campaign, Hà Nam in Nam H province.

n   Rơ Lan J also known as Ama Suit is an ethnic Montagnard Christian, sentenced to nine years imprisonment in July 2009 and reportedly held in Gia Lai prison camp.

n   Ro Mah Klit is an ethnic Montagnard Christian, sentenced to eight years imprisonment in April 2011 and reportedly held in Gia Lai province.

n   Rơ Mah Pr is an ethnic Montagnard Christian from Gia Lai province, sentenced to nine years imprisonment in April 2011.

n   Rơ Mah Then is an ethnic Montagnard Christian, sentenced to eight years imprisonment in March 2009 and reportedly held in Gia Lai province.

n   Rh is an ethnic Montagnard Christian, sentenced to 10 years imprisonment in September 2009 and reportedly held in Gia Lai provincial prison.

n   Rưn is an ethnic Montagnard Christian, sentenced to nine years imprisonment in November 2013 and reportedly held in Gia Lai provincial prison.

n   Siu Ben also known as Ama Yon is an ethnic Montagnard Christian, sentenced to 12 years imprisonment in March 2012 and last reported to be in Gia Lai provincial prison.

n   Siu Brơm is an ethnic Montagnard Christian from Gia Lai province, sentenced to 10 years imprisonment in April 2011.

n   Siu Hlom is an ethnic Montagnard Christian from Gia Lai province, sentenced to 12 years imprisonment in April 2011.

n   Siu Kơch is an ethnic Montagnard Christian, sentenced to nine years imprisonment in January 2010 and reportedly held at Gia Lai provincial prison.

n   Siu Nheo is an ethnic Montagnard Christian, sentenced to 10 years imprisonment in April 2011 and reportedly held at Gia Lai provincial prison.

n   Siu Thi also known as Ama Thương is an ethnic Montagnard Christian, sentenced to 10 years imprisonment in December 2011 and reportedly held in Gia Lai provincial prison.

n   Siu Wiu is an ethnic Montagnard Christian activist from the Central Highlands, sentenced to 10 years imprisonment in January 2009.

n   T Khu, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 16 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Venerable Thch Thươl is a Khmer Krom Buddhist monk and deputy abbot of Serei Ta Sek Temple in Sc Trăng province, sentenced to six years imprisonment in September 2013.

n   Thch Qung Đ is the Patriarch of the banned Unified Buddhist Church of Viet Nam (UBCV) who has been confined to the Thanh Minh Zen monastery in H Ch Minh City since October 2003.

n   Trn Anh Kim is a former prisoner of conscience, army officer and writer who was arrested in September 2015 who is reportedly being detained in B14 prison in H Ni.

n   Trn Hunh Duy Thc is an entrepreneur, blogger and human rights defender, and co-author of The Path of Viet Nam (Phong Tro Con Dường Vit Nam), sentenced to 16 years imprisonment by H Ch Minh City Peoples Court in January 2010.

n   Trn Phi Dung, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 13 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Trn Qun, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 12 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Trn Th Thy, a trader, Hoa Hao Buddhist and land rights activist from Bến Tre province, sentenced to eight years imprisonment in May 2011.

n   Trn Vũ Anh Bnh also known as Hong Nht Thng, a songwriter from H Ch Minh City, sentenced to six years imprisonment in October 2012.

n   T Thin Lương, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 16 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   V Ngc Cư, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 16 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   V Thnh L, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 16 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   V Tiết, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 16 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Vương Tn Sơn, a follower of the Council for the Laws and Public Affairs of Bia Son religious environmental group in Ph Yn province, sentenced to 17 years imprisonment in January 2013.

n   Yưh also known as Bă Nar is an ethnic Montagnard Christian, sentenced to eight years imprisonment in September 2009 and reportedly held in Gia Lai provincial prison. 

[END]

 

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