Diplomatic missions call on Vietnam to stay inmate’s execution
Van Manh has maintained his innocence since his sentence in 2005.
RFA | 2023.09.22
delegation to Vietnam and the Canadian and U.K. Embassies have urged Vietnamese
authorities to halt the execution of death row inmate Le Van Manh, whose family
was told this week to make preparations to receive his body after his sentence
is carried out.
In a joint statement, posted to the E.U. delegation’s Facebook page on Thursday,
the diplomatic missions noted that Le Van Manh, 42, has repeatedly proclaimed
his innocence since he was sentenced for rape and murder in 2005 and dismissed
the death penalty as an acceptable form of punishment.
“We strongly oppose the use of capital punishment at all times and in all
circumstances, which is a cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment and can never
be justified, and advocate for Vietnam to adopt a moratorium on all executions,”
the statement said.
The diplomatic missions said that there is no evidence showing that the death
penalty serves as a more efficient deterrent to crime than imprisonment, adding
that rehabilitation “as an objective of modern criminal law” is rendered
impossible by the application of capital punishment.
They warned that any errors, which they said are inevitable in any legal system,
become irreversible when a person is put to death.
More than two-thirds of countries have abolished the death penalty in law or
practice, the statement noted.
“We will continue to actively work to further the universal trend towards the
eradication of the death penalty and stand ready to support Vietnam on a path
towards abolition,” it said.
Beaten to confess?
In 2005, Manh was charged with the rape and murder of a 13-year-old girl in
Thanh Hoa province. He confessed to the crimes but later retracted his
statement, saying that he had been severely beaten by police.
The joint statement was issued on the same day as a deadline given to Le Van
Manh’s family by the Thanh Hoa People’s Court to register to receive his body
following his execution. The court notice, sent on Sept. 18, said that Manh
would be executed by lethal injection, but provided no date for when the
sentence would be carried out.
This is the second statement condemning the use of the death penalty in Vietnam
made by the three missions in two months, following one in late August that
called for a halt to the execution of Nguyen Van Chuong, who was convicted of
murder in Hai Phong City in 2007.
Attempts by RFA to contact the Vietnamese Ministry of Foreign Affairs for a
response to the statement went unanswered Friday.
Since receiving notice of his impending execution this week, Manh’s mother,
Nguyen Thi Viet, and other relatives have repeatedly petitioned the government
on his behalf. Viet told RFA that she has sent requests to the Office of the
National Assembly, or parliament, and several other central agencies calling for
a review of his sentence.
“My family went to see representatives from the State President’s Citizen
Reception Committee [on Friday], requesting a review of Le Van Manh’s verdict
and file to ensure transparency and that the sentence is commensurate with his
alleged crime,” she said.
“Seven trials … have been held but none were able to present any evidence to
convince my family that my son’s case had been handled seriously, transparently,
and fairly. Many things at those seven trials still need clarification.”
Also on Thursday, the Hanoi-based Hung Đao Thang Long law firm sent a petition
letter to State President Vo Van Thuong, requesting that he halt Manh’s
The letter alleged that there were serious procedural errors in Manh’s case,
including the assessment of evidence against him.
“The accusations in a verdict, which itself is uncertain, need to be reviewed,”
the letter said. “Therefore, we urgently request the President to promptly issue
a decision to halt the execution of the death penalty for Le Van Manh, as there
is very limited time left.”
In 2015, London-based rAmnesty International sent an open letter to
then-President Truong Tan Sang, calling on him to stay Manh’s execution and to
order an investigation into accusations that he had been tortured. Following the
letter, the Thanh Hoa People’s Court halted the execution to review the case.
Translated by Anna Vu.
Edited by Joshua Lipes and Malcolm Foster.